Comparative law is the analysis of the similarities and differences between legal systems and laws in varying countries. Comparative law studies include common law, socialist law, civil law, Canon law, and religious laws in different countries. This study analyzes foreign legal system and has become increasingly important in the present day due to economic globalization, internationalism, and democratization.
This is an academic discipline that includes legal system, the elements of them, how they differ from each other, and how they all combine together in one system. Comparative law has developed into separate branches that include comparative administrative law, comparative civil law, constitutional law, comparative criminal law, and comparative commercial law.
The studies of these specified areas could include a detailed comparison of two countries, or comparing several countries. Comparative law is done with the purpose of perfecting legal systems, achieving deeper knowledge of legal systems, and to possibly unify legal systems of smaller scales to a set of larger scales.
It can be used to help a country or organization like the UN decide on a treaty. It can used to decide whether a conflict would arise for international companies. It can show how different problems function in different areas and why.
Sujit Choudhry has made comparative law his life’s work. He is an internationally recognized expert on comparative constitutional law. He has in-depth field experience by advising constitution building processes to places like Nepal, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Jordan, Egypt, Ukraine, and Tunisia.
Choudhry’s particular research can report many different issues in this area which include constitutional design being used as an instrument to help transition a violent area to a peaceful one. His work can also help form constitutional design in very diverse societies, places who are experiencing secession, and can help policies regarding minority or groups’ rights.
He has been published by the likes of Cambridge and Oxford. He is a member of the Committee of the International Society of Public Law, the Editorial Board of the Constitutional Court Review, the Board of Editors of the International Journal of Constitutional Law, and the Editorial Advisory Board for the Cambridge Studies in Constitutional Law.
Sujit Choudhry is the founding director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions, a group that generates knowledge that supports constitution building by gathering and leading international networks. He is currently leading three different collaborative research projects that include Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions in Emerging Democracies and Dealing with Territorial Cleavages in Constitutional Transitions.